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The Madison Public Library, which has been in operation since 1903, is the oldest free public library in New Jersey.The earliest known human activity in the now known as Madison dates back to around 11,000 BC. Paleo Indians moved into the region from Asia and were largely replaced by Algonquian peoples (Lenape) who had migrated south from what is now Canada. The Native Americans traded with Europeans during Colonial times; a remnant of this early trade can still be seen today at Stockton Avenue's "Indian Market". By 1701, Peter Simmons' family became the first European settlers within what are present day Madison boundaries when he built his house along Montrose Road near George Street on property that was once part of an Lenape burial ground called "Mannahattan".In 1834 Samuel Brown constructed a dam across Van Nest Brook for industrial purposes; it washed away two years later and was rebuilt further downstream where it remains today under different ownership but still functioning as a dam more than 150 years later.