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A post office has been in operation at Bloomington since 1825.Bloomington was platted in 1818. The namesake of the city is Colonel Abraham Bloome, a Revolutionary War hero and early settler from Kentucky (he died before the town was named). Bloomington's earliest settlers were overwhelmingly English immigrants from Appalachia; they brought with them their architecture, culture and Presbyterian religion.The first African Americans to permanently settle in Bloomington arrived during the Reconstruction period after the Civil War when emancipated slaves settled here as part of "the Exodus" that took place throughout Indiana and much of northern America following passage by Congress of amendments granting freedom to former slaves under both federal law (13th Amendment) and state law (Indiana Constitution Article X Section 1). In 1870, Census records show that there were fewer than 100 blacks living in Monroe County; however this is not surprising because many black residents may have been counted as white on census records due to being mixed race or passing for white during this time period.