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The island is known for its tropical climate and its numerous beaches. The 562.3-square-mile (1,456.4 km2) island has a total area of 552.7 square miles (1,430 km2). It is the second largest of the Hawaiian Islands at 73% of the land area but only 13% population; this makes it also one of Hawaii's most sparsely populated islands in terms of people per square mile. In 1990, 57 percent (34,914 persons) lived in rural areas, compared to 73 percent for all counties. Only Oʻahu County had a lower rural population percentage than Kauaʻi County. The remaining population was divided among Niihau Island with 17%, and Lānaʻi City with 16%.