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Tuscaloosa is home to the University of Alabama, Stillman College and Shelton State Community College. The city has been nicknamed "The City of Champions" because of the Crimson Tide's athletic accomplishments. In 1819, Tuscaloosa was designated as the capital of Alabama; it replaced Montgomery, which served in that capacity from 1817 to 1826. After losing by a single vote (33–32) in the legislature for another capitol building site at Marion (now Perry), Tuscaloosa won a legislative vote on January 24, 1830 with Congress providing $30,000 for a new state house and public buildings there instead; this was approved by Governor John Gayle on February 7. The legislature first met there in November 1830. In July 1860 when Republicans took control of both houses, they moved all but state government out after Unionists took over their seats following secession.