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Verona: Etymology The city's Latin name was variously recorded as Verona, Welsch-Bern, Bern in the local dialect and Turin. The root word for both is probably *berna "hornbeam", which is also a Celtic god known as 'the horned one' (compare Welsh bryn). This would make Verona the oldest attested city in northern Italy since at least 600 BC. It may be that Veronians initially gave their own names to this settlement; but it could have been named by Italians who arrived from Gaul and Liguria via Massa Lubrense or Pisa with its first Roman colony of Bononia founded around 180 BC.