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Burhanpur is a major centre for the cotton trade. It has been an important trading center since the days of Maratha rule in India. The city's name comes from its founder, Sultan Burhan ud-din Gharib Shah II (1422–1459), who was a ruler of Gujarat and Malwa. He founded it as his capital on the Tapti River in 1458 and named it after himself: "Bhuranapura" or "city of Bhur". The town remained under Muslim control until 1723 when Shahuji I captured it for the Marathas during his northward expansion after defeating Mughal emperor Muhammad Shah at Delhi in 1720; he appointed Balaji Vishwanath Bhat as governor, who renamed it Burhanpur after its founder sultan Buranuddin Gharib Shah II (ruled 1458–1472).