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It is one of the oldest municipalities in Kerala, formed on 1 November 1866. Etymology [ edit ] Manjeri was originally called Manjeera after its location on the banks of Manjeri River. The name 'Manjeri' is believed to have been derived from a combination of two Malayalam words: man and jeeru. It means "the place where man-eating tigers were found". In Travancore era, this area was under control of Nileshwaram kingdom which had capital at Chandragiri Fort near Tirurangadi. After Tipu Sultan's death in 1799, British took over Cochin and Malabar came under direct British rule until India became independent in 1947. During that period whole area including present day Kottakkal fell into their hands except for small areas like Arthat (present day Ponnani) which remained with Travancore state till 1949 when it joined Indian Union as part of States Reorganisation Act.