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The first recorded history of the city is that of the early settlers who settled in the region in 812 AD. The province was mainly Hindu-dominated with Hindu kings ruling until 1297, when it was taken over by Muslim rulers. In 1391, Timur invaded and plundered Vadodara; he also massacred many Hindus along with Muslims as they returned from Delhi after his unsuccessful campaign against its ruler Feroz Shah Tughlaq. The city remained under Mughal rule until 1573 when Gujarat fell to the Mughals and subsequently became a vassal state ruled by Baroda State (1573–1947). During this period, Vadodara's royal house originally owned by Maratha Gaekwads belonged to one of Asaf Jah I's descendants Babi Rao Gaekwad who later lost it to British East India Company during Anglo-Maratha Wars .