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Rajkot was founded by the Jadeja Rajputs in the 14th century. The city was established under a banyan tree (known locally as a neem) at Makarana Mohalla, which is now known as Kotwali Bazaar. In 1724, Maratha forces sacked and looted Rajkot; it returned to indigenous rule under Gaekwad control in 1734 but came back into Maratha hands after their victory against Mughal forces at nearby Paliyad in 1742. During this period of turmoil, many merchants fled Gujarat and settled down elsewhere; some set up businesses right outside the town near Saraspur village on Saurashtra's border with Maharashtra where they enjoyed greater peace and security from plundering armies than they did within British-ruled Bombay State or independent India's Gujarat State.