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The city of Patna has a long history and rich cultural heritage. The oldest reference to the name Pataliputra is in the "Atharvaveda" (X, 6, 15) dated to late 1st millennium BCE. It mentions a place named "Patali-putra", which later became known as Patna. The history of this region dates back to 600 BC when it was ruled by Achaemenid Empire under Darius I who conquered Indus Valley from 518–520 BCE and formed an alliance with local Mura rulers; he also married his daughter Atossa with prince Puru whose son was King Janak of Videha kingdom situated near present day Janakpur in Nepal during 516–515 BCE after defeating him in battle on river Ganges at Kashi (Varanasi).