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With a population of 51,398 inhabitants at the last census in 1999, Meaux is the second most populated city in the Seine-et-Marne department after Chelles. It is an important centre of production and manufacturing with famous French food products (mainly cheese) being produced there: including Camembert and Pont l'Évêque cheeses; it also hosts a large Research Centre on Food. The area around Meaux is known for its fine wines, which are produced here as well as in other parts of France: Champagne wine has been made here since at least 1271 when Philippe Auguste gave vineyards to monks from nearby Mont Saint-Michel. The first signs of settlement in this area date back to 800 BC but there was no real urbanization until after 500 BC when Celts arrived from Central Europe following waves of invasions by tribes such as the Cimbri and Teutons who came across Gaulish territory via eastern France into what later became known as Germania during Roman times (see Gallic Wars).