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The city was founded in the 10th century, when Amadeus V made Chambéry the capital of his county. At that time, Chambéry was a small hamlet and an important fortress on the routes from Italy into France. It became an episcopal seat in 1404 and part of France's Savoyard state between 1542 and 1692 (see for more information). In 1659–1660 it successfully resisted siege by Louis XIV during Franco-Savoyard War; after which it became French again under terms negotiated by Thomas Francis, Count of Toulouse with Victor Amadeus II. The 1714 Treaty of Ryswick with Spain led to another change in status as King Charles Emmanuel III exchanged it for Turin; but then returned to its original master three years later.