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The area was first settled by Europeans in the early 19th century, and grew into a town with the construction of Parliament Hill. Bytown's original name was "By-Town," but it was renamed to "Gatineau" in 1855, after former Canadian prime minister Louis-Théodore Besserer. Hull did not become a city until 2002; previously it had been an autonomous borough within Gatineau (and before that Ottawa–Hull). In 2011, there were 20 636 people residing in Hull proper (not including its suburbs), making it the second most populous district municipality ("census division") of Canada behind only Toronto. The population is growing at near constant rate since 2001 due to both immigration and internal growth from other parts of Quebec as well as all over Canada. This makes for one quarter of Quebecers who live outside any urban areas, although many residents commute daily to work or school downtown Montreal or elsewhere.