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The city's modernist national assembly is one of the largest parliaments in the world. Dhaka has been selected as one of the 100 Asian cities to be developed as a smart city under China-aided "Smart City" initiative by Government of Bangladesh. Dhaka was named after the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb's favorite courtesan, Begum Hazrat Mahal, popularly known as "Razia Sultan". The name was shortened to Dhaka after independence in 1971. It is often referred to as Dacca (Bengali: ঢাক্স) or "the City of Mosques". In medieval times, it was known in English and other European languages as Fatick or Fattigolla from its major mosque building material—bricks made from soil and clay called kaccha batai/katcha batas; later corrupted into Fatteh Gully or Futtock Ghyll).